Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy

Babes-Bolyai University

Archive for the ‘Various’ Category

beckProfessor Aaron T. Beck has turned 95 on the 18th of July 2016! In 2012, Professor Beck received the highest distinction of our university – Doctor Honoris Causa of Babes-Bolyai University – becoming part of our academic community (see here). Our university also holds an Aaron T. Beck Professorship position, in recognition of the scientific stature of Aaron T. Beck and of his contribution to the development of the clinical and psychotherapy program at Babes-Bolyai University.

As we all know, Professor Beck, now emeritus professor of the Ivy League University of Pennsylvania, USA, is recognized world-wide for his “cognitive revolution” in the mental health field, which has changed the face of clinical science and clinical practice. He has influenced a huge number of scientists in the academic field, and millions of people all over the world have benefitted from this innovative treatment (i.e., cognitive therapy). Over the years, he has received many awards and distinctions for his tremendous contributions to clinical science and practice. For example, when he was awarded the Lasker Award, considered by many “the American Nobel in Medicine”, Dr. Joseph L. Goldstein, the chairman of the Lasker committee, said: “…Cognitive therapy is one of the most important advances — if not the most important advance — in the treatment of mental diseases in the last 50 years.”

In our view, Professor Beck is the first “modern psychotherapist” in the history of the field, who has radically changed the way we see and practice psychotherapy. Before him, we had mainly “grand theories”, associated to various more or less charismatic figures. He is a charismatic scientist, who has changed the paradigm and has taken psychotherapy as a science into the evidence-based field. It is our strong belief that we owe it mainly to Professor Beck that psychotherapy is well-integrated today in the evidence-based movement in mental health and that it has a strong scientific profile!

Thank you and Happy Birthday, dear professor and colleague!

Professor, Ph.D., Daniel David
Director of the International Institute
Vice-rector for research, competitiveness-excellence and scientific publications of Babes-Bolyai University

The Departament of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy of the Babes-Bolyai University was ranked numebr 1 in the “Educational Award Contest” organized by Dinu Patriciu Foundation. The second place was occupied by the Faculty of Physics of the Bucharest University, and the third place by the Faculty of Economical Sciences of the Vest University from Timisoara. The prize will be used by the Department to develop innovative psychological services to community.

 

 

 

 

Babeş-Bolyai University – Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy

International Competition for Head of Research Unit Position

COGNITIVE OR CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST WITH AN EMPHASIS IN NEUROSCIENCE, MEDICAL DOCTOR:  The Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy at the Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania invites applications for a full-time independent researcher position to assume (1) the leadership of  its newly established Clinical Cognitive Neuroscience Center on the Platform for Advanced Imaging – fMRI/EEG – in Clinical Cognitive Sciences and (2) the construction of an international competitive research team in the field

The Center/Platform is equipped with state-of-the-art technology in the field of neuro-imagistics (a large gantry 3 Tesla Siemens AVANTO MRI) and neuropsychology (EEG facilities) that will become fully functional from December 2011.

A team of doctoral, post-doctoral, and senior level researchers, well-trained in clinical cognitive sciences, is also part of the Center/Platform.

OTHER INFO.

We seek candidates with a Ph.D. in neuroscience, medicine or psychology (preferably clinical or cognitive) whose research and teaching interests focus on the intersection of cognitive neuroscience and clinical psychology. The position is a tenure-track one, at research professor or research associate professor level.

The successful applicant should have and/or develop an active, visible research program that has strong potential to attract external funding. The specific research area is open, but we encourage applications from scholars whose research focus entails clinical psychology applications of cognitive neuroscience. In addition, the position requires active involvement in graduate-level training and graduate teaching, including cognitive neuroscience and its clinical applications.

As this is a research position, we put great emphasis on the applicant’s ability of attracting grants and financing. The appointment in this position is dependent on the selected applicant’s applying for and securing a research grant from the Romanian Ministery for Education  and Research in the open competition “Parteneriate”2011: Collaboration Projects for Applied Research (http://www.uefiscdi.gov.ro/articole/2626/Program-PARTENERIATE_Proiecte-colaborative-de-cercetare-aplicativa_Competitia-2011.html). The grant will be used for the initial financing of the head of the laboratory and the team, as well as other training or research expenses of the laboratory.

The Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy functions as a school of excellence and innovation in clinical psychology and cognitive behavioral psychotherapeutic applications. Babes-Bolyai University is a public research institution and was recently designated as an Advanced Research and Education Institution (the top category) in the 2011 national ranking of Romanian Universities. Cluj-Napoca (http://clujnapoca.ro/en) is a beautiful multicultural city in the heart of Transylvania. We also have a large nearby airport (Cluj-Napoca International Airport) with direct flights to several large cities in Europe.

For fullest consideration, applications should be received by October 20st, 2011; review of applications will continue until the position is filled. Applicants should send a) a CV, b) 5 representative publication reprints, and c) statements of research plans and teaching interests. They should also arrange for three letters of recommendation to be sent to Dr. Daniel David, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, No. 37 Republicii Street, Cluj-Napoca, 400015, Romania (or scanned copies to danieldavid@psychology.ro). Questions regarding this position can be sent to danieldavid@psychology.ro. Visit our website, http://www.clinicalpsychology.ro, for more information about us and our research environment.

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  • Daniel David

    Psychologist, PhD University Professor, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New-York, USA

     

    “The exposure to virtual reality has the same advantages as the exposure to physical reality, but it doesn’t imply the same.”

     

    (chapeau)

    Daniel David graduated from the Faculty of Psychology in Cluj. Three years later he already had his PhD in psychology and for the next four years he was a scholarship student both at the Albert Ellis Institute in New-York and Mount Sinai Medical School, the prestigious American university. It’s been only ten years since his graduation and he already is a University Professor of clinical cognitive sciences at Babes-Bolyai University in Cluj, holding the international professorial position “Professor Aaron T. Beck” and a University Professor at Mount Sinai Medical School in New York. He won three academic awards in the United States and chaired more than ten national and international research projects.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    What does the ICUBE technology mean more exactly?

     

    The ICUBE technology is a “cave” type of virtual reality technology. In other words, it is a 3D reality created and controlled by the computer where you’re being projected by means of specific instruments (e.g. headsets, gloves, etc.). In the case of ICUBE, the virtual reality is projected against a cube much similar to the “Holodeck” from the popular Star Trek TV series. Next to genetic engineering, the development of virtual realities is an important stake for the human civilisation because of its effect on the optimisation of our mind, on the support of health and psychological disorder treatment.

     

    A Platform for Robotherapy and Psychotherapy through Virtual Reality was inaugurated at Cluj – the so-called Matrix Platform. Are there any other platforms in the country?

     

    No, it is the only one – in fact it is the most advanced platform in Central and Eastern Europe and among the first five platforms in the world in size. However, we do not want to make a big case of it: the ideas about how to use the technology you have are more important than technology alone. Also, we are hoping that other similar laboratories will be created throughout the country following our pattern and standards. We are currently counselling many laboratories around the country that want to focus on this field. We are national pioneers and trendsetters, and we are interested in developing what we have created. We do not want to be the best simply because we are the only developers; we want to be the best in a field that is well developed and represented by various high-performance teams. We like being in a competition and we encourage it by play our cards on the table. If there are people better than us, that can only motivate us to become even better. The platform is located in a building especially created for it, with a futuristic design; it’s called AVALON. The name of the building, which is informally called the Sunk Building, is an acronym for Advanced Virtual Applications Laboratories of Napocensis, but has ancient significations as well. The motto of both the AVALON Building and the MATRIX Platform is “Melius Est Siti Moriri Quam Mediocritati Poculum Libere.” ”The Decalogue of Rationality” is Its fundamental doctrine.” In 2009 Quad Studio, the company that designed AVALON Building was awarded the first prize by the Union of Architects of Romania, Transylvania branch. In front of the building there are two natural amphitheatres and on its roof there is a garden. At the entrance there is a welcoming hall decorated with the symbols of the chair and the university. The MATRIX Platform is on the first floor together with its six top laboratories: the “Stress Control” Lab, the “Virtual Classroom”, the “Pain Control” Lab, the “Star Trek-Holodeck” Lab (hosting the Neo-Cube,” or “the Virtual Cube” – the ”jewellery“ of the MATRIX Platform and AVALON Building, the “Data” Lab, the “Clinical Cognitive (Neuro)Sciences” Lab.

    NAUTILUS Room is in the basement of the building, hosting the NEMO Library, “Florian Stefanescu Goanga” Psychology Museum, and a relaxation area called ATLANTIS. Upstairs, On the Deck, there are four rooms where the staffs of the Platform work. These rooms were named after great personalities of psychology which founded the paradigms in which we think: John. B. Watson Room, B.F. Skinner Room, Albert Ellis Room, Aaron T. Beck Room, as well as a Meeting Room and their annexes; There is a second exit towards a balcony facing the garden and the amphitheatres.

    How many platforms like that are there around the word?

    This particular combination (robotherapy and virtual reality), with applications in psychotherapies scientifically validated by clinical cognitive sciences is at this point unique. This fact is confirmed by the international reviews of the Platform (see at http://www.psytech.ro) and by the collaborations that we’ve had and we are invited to. Of course, there are highly valuable research groups on robotherapy or virtual reality, but the profile that I described earlier enables us, at least for now, to give Romania an competitive advantage over other countries.

    What psychological disorders does virtual-reality-based psychotherapy address to?

    Virtual-reality-based psychotherapy is not a form of psychotherapy. It is a process of technological development within classical psychotherapies. Therefore, wherever classical psychotherapy is being used, for optimal results, it is recommended to make use of virtual technology as well. If we take into consideration the cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy, we must say that the applications range from anxiety and depressive disorders to eating behaviour disorders and psychotic disorders affecting adults and children, sometimes independently, at times fusing with pharmacotherapy (for instance, in the case of psychotic disorders).

     

    What is the advantage of this therapy sessions in the cube?

     

    The use of virtual technology contributes to the development of classical forms of psychotherapy. For example, if someone has airplane phobia, in order to treat it there is a need of gradual exposure to it. If this exposure is a mere product of imagination (in vitro), it may not be sufficiently strong and realistic, especially if the patient has limited imagery abilities. If the exposure is real (in vivo), the costs are high, you have no control over the situation and the patient or/and everyone around may run certain risks (for instance, the patient may panic during the flight). The exposure to virtual reality has the same advantages as the exposure to physical reality (realism), but it doesn’t imply the same risks (it is an accessible secure and controllable environment). More to this, the information acquired in the virtual reality is transferred into the physical reality, and the client often does not distinguish between the environment that provided them with the information and the environment where they apply the information acquired.

     

    How did you get this extremely ingenious idea? How much of this project is mere experiment, how much is research?

     

    We know from psychology that an innovative idea usually comes from reading and observing the reality out of curiosity or wishing to find something new in an intelligent and creative context. That’s how things went in our case. We are a team that does a lot of reading, that scans the reality in order to find out where we stand and what our needs are, again out of curiosity and driven by the desire of being ahead of our times. One of our mottos is: “We do not predict the future; we do not create it… we are already there…” We like to think things in a futuristic manner, at and beyond the frontier of today’s knowledge, yet in a rational and pragmatic way. This is how innovations are born! Apart from handling advanced research projects, the MATRIX Platform serves also didactic purposes for master and PhD students within our Department, as well as, innovative services for the community with the help of the “Babeş-Bolyai – PsyTech” Psychology University Clinic and the ”International Coaching Institute/European Coaching Centre.”

     

    From my understanding, this cube has currently four active walls. What changes will the fifth wall bring?

     

    The feeling of “immersion” and ”presence” within a virtual reality will become even more vivid, and may have a great positive impact on the psychotherapeutical process. In other words, the similarity between virtual reality and physical reality will grow to such an extent that they will become one.

     

    Does cube therapy apply to other areas as well (e.g. aviation, army, etc)?

     

    Yes. For instance, we use two systems: “Virtual Iraq” and “Virtual Afghanistan.” Both can be used to treat emotional and behavioural disorders of the soldiers who fought there and/or were trained for “pre-combat.”

     

    What place does this new research project take in your scientific work?

     

    It is the top priority of this research group and it suits perfectly what we do, and that would be, clinical cognitive sciences with great impact of promoting health, human optimisation and treatment for emotional and behavioural disorders.

     

    In 2007, for the first time, you launched yet another revolutionary project – the therapy of anxiety, anger, depression and guilt with the help of comic books. What are the basics of this therapy?

     

    Behavioural and emotional disorders are determined by irrational cognition (thoughts). In order to get rid of these problems, there is need to change irrational thoughts into rational thoughts through techniques of cognitive restructuring. If the patient is a teenager or a child, classical interventional techniques are not as efficient as they happen to be in the case of adult patients (e.g. logical, empirical, pragmatic cognitive restructuring, etc); in the case of kids of children and teenagers, the metaphorical restructuring by means of stories and poems seems to working quite well. Children learn from stories and from the characters that appear them. Therefore, we created a character, much similar to a rational, efficient, mentally healthy and happy Prince Charming. His name is RETMAN and he is fighting against Irationalius and his helpers (represented by irrational thoughts affecting the children): Frustratus, Catastrophus, Discourageatus and Necessarius. The name RETMAN comes from “Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy,” (proposed by USA colleagues), and we are hoping that he will become one of the positive characters of the modern period, next to Prince Charming, Harap-Alb, Greuceanu, Pipăruş Petru[i], etc. You can also find RETMAN on the internet at http://www.psychotherapy.ro and in a recently published book with the same name, detailing the comics.

     

    You are cognitive-behavioural psychotherapist. Does this field of psychotherapy have immediate and efficient answers to the current, yet even more acute problems that the human psychic is confronting with?

     

    I am a psychotherapist with a scientific orientation. At present I teach and I practise cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy because this branch of psychotherapy has the largest scientific support of all (there are controlled clinical studies indicating that it is efficiently functioning). Yes, cognitive-behavioural therapy provides us with many answers, yet there are still a lot of questions that are left unanswered. It’s pretty much the same thing as in medicine, where we do not yet know the mechanisms of certain types of cancer, therefore we need to study to find out. However, even if we happen to know them, sometimes we do not have efficient treatment that could change them; we need the research to find new cures. This is the charming side of cognitive-behavioural therapy: it is an on-going developing process by means of scientific research, finding new unprecedented mechanisms and efficient treatments to change them. If in the future a new more efficient form of psychotherapy would be found, then the responsibility and the respect for our patients and students will motivate us to switch to it. However, it is very unlikely for a new paradigm to appear in the near future because the cognitive-behavioural therapy is continuously developing through thorough research ruled by critical analysis.

     

    You are fond of Buddhism. In your profession, do you always take a middle course?

     

    I’m an Orthodox Christian, fascinated by and interested culturally in Buddhism and other theological-religious approaches on the world. Yes, at least I always try, but at times it may imply going from one extreme to another, which in the end would catch me right in the middle.

     

    What are the most important moral and professional values that reigned over the career that you started at the highest academic level?

     

    The main values are Tradition, Honour and Performance. I strongly believe that the foundation of a Great Success is a Great Sacrifice (it’s rarely a question of Luck, and this is not something to value because you might die waiting for Godot!). Therefore you need to have the Courage to assume a Sacrifice, and in this context, Courage provides the general terms for the values that I mentioned earlier. Of course, I would also like to add Common Sense and Critical Analysis, which keep your feet on the ground – without them, you may lose touch with reality and even with your own values. In fact, I often say that you care about something, then you should try sabotaging that something systematically and if that something copes with your permanent attempt of sabotage, then that something is worth caring for (of course, this applies to convictions and ideas; it’s not something to do with people). If you keep asserting your convictions, you become defensive, incapable of having argumentative discussions with the sole purpose of learning – you become a ferocious emotional defender of your rigid points of view and/or stupidities; you are limiting your intellectual enthusiasm.


    [i] These are positive male characters, much similar to Prince Charming, from the most popular Romanian children stories.

    Lecture in 29th May, 9.00-12.00, Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, International Institute for Coaxching (http://www.international-coaching.org).

     

     
    Dr. Shinji Naruo is a Business and Management Expert, Member of International Low Institute, Japan, Member of Environmental Law and Policy Institute, Japan, Member of Japan Macro-Engineering Society, Japan, International Advisor, Overseas Vocational Training Association, and a Visiting Professor at Bucharest University. Mr. Shinji Naruo has received his doctor degree in International relation, from the University of Kyoto in Japan. Between his fields of expertise are Transportation economy (Industry analysis and business model design) and Corporate management (Finance, Business model and strategy). He has given over the years numerous lectures as guest speaker on “Management responsibility for the corporate productivity” (International conference held by ministry of economics and commerce, “PRODUCTIVITY AND COMPETITIVITY”), “Taiwan business environment” (Overseas Vocational training Association), “Challenge for the market economy in Eastern Europe-Romania” (Research report at Overseas Vocational Training Association). 

     

    We are inviting to participate to this event psychology students and professionals, and also managers and professionals interested in the coaching field.

     

    Mr. Naruo will lecture on the key features of Individual Management/Coaching. The lecture will provide simple and very efficient tools and methods which can be applied in improving own life and activity as well as other’s, by adding more value and control towards a more efficient, fulfilled life. The topics are also of interest for psychology professionals who can use the provided tools and methods in their coaching practice.
    o What is Management/Coaching?
    o Goal management at first.
    o Task management
    o Time management
    o Information management
    • Money management (KAKEIBO)
    Mr. Naruo will also focus on the leadership of the country in drastic change: Meiji restoration in Japan vs. 1989 revolution in Romania.

    Fee for this lecture is 50 RON and free participation for full psychology students UBB.

     

     

    A “Platform for Advanced Imaging – fMRI/EEG – in Clinical Cognitive Sciences/Psychotherapy” will be developed at the Babes-Bolyai University, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy/International Institute for the Advanced Studies of Psychotherapy and Applied Mental Health, based on a grant from the European Union through the Romanian Government – National Authority for Research. The Platform will be composed of a Center for Advanced Imaging – fMRI/EEG – in Clinical Cognitive Sciences, which has two Laboratories: (1) Advanced fMRI Lab.; and (2) Advanced EEG Lab. Thus, the Platform will make use of an advanced technology, consisting of fMRI (3T) and EEG technologies, and it will be fully operational in 2009.

     

    Building on our international expertise in evidence based assessment and psychotherapy (see our Web of Science indexed publications), this new development will help us complement our advanced research at the computational and algorithmic-representational levels (e.g., large randomized clinical trials comparing psychotherapy and medication for various clinical conditions by outcome, mechanism of change and cost-effectiveness, virtual reality therapy) with research at the implementational level (brain level) to facilitate the understanding and integration of  the mechanisms and processes of psychotherapy and other psychological interventions intended for the treatment of various clinical conditions and/or for health promotion.

    (R) GAD CLINICAL TRIAL – A BRIEF DESCRIPTION

    TO START: FALL 2008

    I. TITLE

    ·     Cognitive Therapy vs. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy vs. Acceptance & Commitment Therapy in the Treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder. A Randomized Clinical Trial: Outcomes, Theory of Change, and Cost-Effectiveness.

     

    II. LOCATION

    ·     The International Institute for the Advanced Studies of Psychotherapy and Applied Mental Health at  Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania (see for details and for the expertise of the Institute in running large scale randomized clinical trials: www.psychotherapy.ro). The trial is funded internationally.

     

    III. OBJECTIVES

    ·     To investigate, in a randomized clinical trial, the efficacy, the mechanisms of change, and the cost-effectiveness of Cognitive Therapy (reference treatment) vs. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy vs. Acceptance & Commitment Therapy in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).

    o    Theoretical implications: (1) a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in GAD and (2) a better integration of the diverse cognitive pathogenetic mechanisms of GAD into (a) a coherent cognitive-behavior theory and (b) a rigorous and integrative psychological assessment strategy (measures/scales).

    o    Practical Implications: New clinical protocols and guidelines for the evidence-based assessment and therapy of GAD.

     

    IV. INTERNATIONAL COORDINATING TEAM

    ·     Principal Investigator (PI): Dr. Daniel David, Professor, Ph.D., Babes-Bolyai University, Romania, Director of the International Institute for the Advanced Studies of Psychotherapy and Applied Mental Health (see his expertise at: www.psychotherapy.ro) & Co-PI: Dr. Aurora Szentagotai, Associate Professor, Ph.D., Babes-Bolyai University.

    ·     External Research Consultant:  Dr. Douglas Mennin, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Yale University, USA, Director of Yale Anxiety & Mood Services at Yale University.

    ·     Psychiatric Components Consultants: Dr. Doina Cosman, MD, Professor, Ph.D., and Dr. Viorel Lupu, MD, Professor, Ph.D., “Iuliu Haţieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Romania.

     

    1. Cognitive Therapy (CT) Coordinating Group

    ·     Coordinator: Ramona Moldovan, Assistant Professor, MA, Babes-Bolyai University, Clinical Psychologist (trained in CT by the Romanian Association of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies with international CT supervisors).

    ·     Clinical Consultant: Dr. Robert Leahy, Clinical Professor, Ph.D., Department of Psychiatry, Weill-Cornell University Medical College, USA (President of the Academy of Cognitive Therapy (ACT); President of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (ABCT)).

    ·     Research Consultant: Dr. Stefan G. Hoffman, Professor, Ph.D., Boston University, USA, Director of the Psychotherapy and Emotion Research Laboratory at Boston University.

    2. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) Coordinating Group

    ·     Coordinator: Bianca Macavei, Assistant Professor, MA, Babes-Bolyai University, Clinical Psychologist (trained in REBT by the Romanian Association of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies with international REBT supervisors; supervisor in REBT at the Albert Ellis Institute, USA).

    ·     Clinical Consultant: Dr. Windy Dryden, Professor, Ph.D., University of London, UK, Supervisor in REBT at the Albert Ellis Institute.

    ·     Research Consultant: Dr. Raymond DiGiuseppe, Professor, Ph.D., St. John University, USA, Director of Professional Education at the Albert Ellis Institute (Past President of the ABCT).

    3. Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT) Coordinating Group

    ·     Coordinator: Ioana Cristea, Assistant Professor, MA, Babes-Bolyai University, Clinical Psychologist (trained in ACT by the Romanian Association of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies with international ACT supervisors).

    ·     Clinical Consultant: Dr. Kelly G. Wilson, Associate Professor, Ph.D., University of Mississippi, USA, ACT Supervisor.

    ·     Research Consultant: Dr. Steven Hayes, Professor, Ph.D., University of Nevada, USA; Founder of ACT (Past president of ABCT).

     

    V. DESIGN

    A rigorous randomized clinical trial, following the model implemented in one of our previous studies on major depressive disorder (MDD) (see the below cited study), will be designed for this study.

    ·          David, D., Szentagotai, A., Lupu, V., & Cosman, D. (2008). Rational emotive behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy and Medication in the treatment of major depressive disorder: A randomized clinical trial, post-treatment outcomes, and six month follow-up. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 64, 728-746.

    All the methodological components (e.g., treatment integrity, allegiance effect, missing data analysis, attrition/power calculation etc.) of this trial on GAD will be implemented similar to the ones in the MDD trial (mentioned above). Each treatment will consist of about 20 sessions, delivered over a 14-week period.

     

    1. Outcome measures

    a. General:

    ·     OQR 45.2 – (Adult outcome measure; age 18+)

    ·     POMS (Profile of Mood States; includes: (a) functional and dysfunctional negative feelings scores and (b) positive affect)

    ·     SF-37 (Quality of Life)

    b. Specific:

    ·         HRSA (Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety)

    ·         BAI (Beck Anxiety Inventory)

    ·         GAD-Q-IV (the Generalized Anxiety Disorders Questionnaire 4th Edition)

    SCID-RV will be used for categorical diagnoses (based on DSM-IV)

    Note: All outcome measures will be administered pre- mid- and post-treatment. The BAI will be administered each session.

     

    2. Hypothesized mediating (i.e., mechanisms of change) variables

    ·             ATQ (Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire) (related to CT)

    ·         DAS (Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale) (related to CT)

    ·         ABS-II (Attitudes and Beliefs Scale – II) (related to REBT)

    ·         USA (Unconditional Self-Acceptance) (related to REBT)

    ·         AAQ (Acceptance and Action Questionnaire) (related to ACT)

    ·         EAS (Experiential Avoidance Scale) (related to ACT)

    ·         RE (Response Expectancies for Non-volitional Outcomes [i.e., anxiety, relaxation]; VAS type      scales) (not specifically related to any of the investigated forms of therapy)

    ·         PSWQ (Penn State Worry Questionnaire) (not specifically related to any of the forms of therapy)

    ·         DERS (Difficulties in Emotional Regulation Scale) (not specifically related to any of the investigated forms of therapy)

    ·         AIM (Affect Intensity Measure) (not specifically related to any of the investigated forms of therapy)

    Note: All mediating variable measures will be administered pre-, mid-, and post-treatment. The ATQ and RE will be administered each session.

     

    3. Hypothesized moderator variables

    ·         LOT (Level of Optimism and Pessimism)

    ·         Brief-Cope (Coping Mechanisms)

    Note: All hypothesized moderating variables measures will be administered pre-, mid-, and post-treatment.

     

    Other measures will include demographics and relevant medical data. Some cognitive tasks (e.g., cognitive inhibition/interference) and psychophysiological measures will be also employed (to be established) to complement the self-report measures.

     

     

     

    Dear colleagues,

    It is with great sadness that I tell you that Dr. Albert Ellis, a member of our Institute, passed away at home in New York City in his apartment on the top floor of the Albert Ellis Institute shortly after midnight on the morning of July 24, 2007. I believe that by his death, we are witnesing the end of an era in psychotherapy dominated by “genius and giant personalities” (e.g., Ellis, Erickson, Freud, Jung, Perls, Rogers), the new leaders of the current period being centered – according to the modern rules of the field – on the “scientist-practitioner” rather than “spiritual leader” model.

    Albert Ellis is the grandfather of cognitive-behavioral therapy and the father of rational emotive behavior therapy. Beyond this astonishing contribution to the health field (e.g., the ABC model, which is the foundation of cognitive behavioral therapies), some of his more specific innovations in psychotherapy are related to (1) the use of humor and a “confrontational” style in cognitive restructuring, in well-established conditions (e.g., depending on the type of client, type of problems etc.); (2) the role of demandigness and catastrophizing cognitive processes in psychopathology and the role of cognitive process of acceptance in health promotion; and (3) the role of metacognition (i.e., secondary disturbances) and metaemotions (i.e., secondary emotions in his terms) in the psychotherapy process. Rational-emotive & cognitive-behavioral therapy (REBT/CBT) is today widely acclaimed as a pioneering approach to psychotherapy and the foundation of modern cognitive behavior therapies. In 2003, the American Psychological Association named Dr. Ellis one of the most influential psychotherapists of the 20th century. More info. about the extraordinary activity and life of this giant of psychology and psychotherapy can be found here, here and here.

    Our recent tribute to him is the “RETMAN CONCEPT”. RETMAN was a cartoon character, invented at the Albert Ellis Institute during the ’80s in order to better promote REBT/CBT in children and adolescents; he was modeled to represent Albert Ellis himself, the original Rational Emotive Therapist. Recently, we have updated the character, for modern times, and now, deeply sorrowed by the death of Dr. Albert Ellis (the real “RETMAN”), we will dedicate this new character to his memory. You will be able, for a long time from now, to meet RETMAN here.

    The Great Albert Ellis will always survive in our work, hearts, and memories.

    Yours, “Aaron T. Beck” Professor, Ph.D., Daniel David

    Head of Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy

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